24 april 2014: Jaap Verheul, “Moving beyond Ctrl-F: Cultural Text Mining and other Digital Utopia’s,” KNAW, Amsterdam
Jaap Verheul, Utrecht University
KNAW series “New Trends in e-Humanities”
Amsterdam, 24 April 2014, 3PM
This talk will explore the many possibilities – and some limitations — of digital humanities from the perspective of cultural history. It will explore how the different conceptual questions that cultural historians have tried to address each require and invite very distinctive computational approaches.
To complicate things further, cultural historians have employed radically different definitions of culture, from Matthew Arnold’s universalist and hierarchical “sweetness and light” to the poststructuralist dissections of language and power after the cultural turn. This changing cultural epistemology has exploded the traditional field of cultural history into a multidisciplinary array of humanities disciplines that explore cultural phenomena in the history of human development, each framing innovative and urgent research questions.
Using the two ongoing research projects NWO-Translantis and HERA-Asymmetrical Encounters, we will explore a few of those new directions. One of the most promising directions is the development beyond the keyword-oriented heuristics — that is sometimes disrespectfully dubbed Ctrl-F 1.0 — in the direction of a deeper mining for meaning. This digital humanities methodology of Cultural Text Mining explores changes in concepts and cultural “texts” that people have used to give meaning to the world around them.
One of the challenges of Cultural Text Mining that lay ahead of us, is to use multi-lingual and multi-media repositories to map significant changes and continuities in human discourse. This opens up the possibility to explore the way cultures have perceived and influenced each other, by mapping and confronting changes and continuities in trans-national repositories. Digital humanities should explore what are the right tools for these tasks, and which additional tools need to be developed to realize these and other digital utopias.